Mental Models

  • And the past—properly handled, as we will see in the next section—is a much better teacher about the properties of the future than the present. To understand the future, you do not need technoautistic jargon, obsession with “killer apps,” these sort of things. You just need the following: some respect for the past, some curiosity about the historical record, a hunger for the wisdom of the elders, and a grasp of the notion of “heuristics,” these often unwritten rules of thumb that are so determining of survival. In other words, you will be forced to give weight to things that have been around, things that have survived. - Antifragile
  • The bigger your chunked mental library, the more easily you will be able to solve problems. - Mind for Numbers
  • A lot of life is built up around patterns that repeat over and over again.
  • These patterns can create Mental Models that can be used to make decisions quickly and help give you an edge when attempting a certain outcome.
    • They allow you to take different fields and put them together to produce and understand an outcome.
  • The beauty of Mental Models is they can come from anywhere. This makes it pretty important to study and learn broadly from different fields and not get caught up in a maxima of what you know.
    • Sometimes the best ideas come from reading about fields completely unrelated to your own.

mental models

  • Financial decisions
    • cause and effect relationships
    • Second Order Effects
  • Culture
    • certain laws like Moore’s law that dictate change
    • Chaos theory
    • group dynamic vs individual dynamic
    • Power law
    • Pareto principle
    • homeostasis
    • feedback loops
    • broken window theory
    • Antifragility
    • redundancy
    • network effect
    • vis negativa 
    • Maslov Hierarchy of Neeeds
    • design patterns
    • architecture patterns
    • Design Patterns
      • Typography
    • story telling
    • civilization and its discontents / Freud
  • Cognitive Psychology
    • Stretch Goals
    • Fixed Mindset vs Growth Mindset
  • Language
    • How different languages affect different cultures.
      • Language both defined and is defined by culture.
      • This has a bearing on how you approach different cultures
  • Travel
  • Biology
    • Evolution
    • Adaptation
  • Behavioral Economics
    • Priming
  • Education
    • Pygmalion Effect
  • Economics
    • creative destruction
    • division of labor
    • diminishing utility
    • Paradox of Choice
    • Disruptive Innovation
    • auctions
    • markerplaces

Systems Thinking

  • throughput
  • bottlenecks
  • adaptability
  • opportunity cost
  • standardization

Computer Science

    • lisp vs c
    • abstraction
    • refactoring
    • contract programming
    • unix way
    • cathedral vs the bazaar
    • Graph Algorithms

War

    • Asymmetric war/ Blitzkrig / Genghis Khan
    • fighting on multiple fronts (or why to avoid fighting on multiple fronts)
    • Strategies

Biographies

  • The struggle each person has that they try to overcome throughout their life
  • Hero’s Journey

philosophy

  • post structuralism 
  • nilism
  • existalism
  • fatalism
  • capitaliam
  • socialism
  • buddhism
  • hinduism
  • colonialiam
  • orientalism
  • lakoffian linguistics
  • democracy
  • historical theory
  • deconstruction of history

history

  • spread of Christianity
  • history of sexuality
  • greece / rome
  • imperialism
  • racism
  • spread of political movements and their anchors
  • Post structural systems
  • Imagined spaces
  • Derogatory power
  • Care of the self
  • Power dynamics

Media

  • Pseudo events / the image by Daniel Borstein
  • simulacra and simulation

Business Models

  • Marketplaces
  • Hollywood Model
  • Culture
    • Rural vs Urban
    • Living in Between Worlds
    • Structures of Power Dynamics
    • Segregation built into different structures

Team Mental Models

  • First, team members must understand the technology or equipment with which they are interacting. The dynamics and control of the technology and how it interacts with the input of other team members is particularly crucial for team functioning. Second, team members must hold shared job or task models. Such models describe and organize knowledge about how the task is accomplished in terms of procedures, task strategies, likely contingencies or problems, and environmental conditions. Third, team members must hold shared conceptions of how the team interacts. These models describe the roles and responsibilities of team members, interaction patterns, information flow and communication channels, role interdependencies, and information sources. The final model that team members must share is the team member model. This model contains information that is specific to the member's teammates--their knowledge, skills, attitudes, preferences, strengths, weaknesses, tendencies, and so forth. According to Cannon-Bowers et al. (1995), such knowledge is crucial for team effectiveness because it allows team members to tailor their behavior in accordance with what they expect their teammates to do. The more knowledge team members have about one another (and the more accurate that information is), the more efficient and automatic this process can be. - The Influence of Shared Mental Models on Team Process and Performance